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2019年中考英语阅读理解及答案解析之风筒

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发表于 2018-11-24 09:13:50 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  新一轮中考复习备考周期正式开始,中考网为各位初三考生整理了中考五大必考学科的知识点,主要是对初中三年各学科知识点的梳理和细化,帮助各位考生理清知识脉络,熟悉答题思路,希望各位考生可以在考试中取得优异成绩!下面是《2019年中考英语阅读理解及答案解析之风筒》,仅供参考!
       
          Have you ever seen a windsock blowing in the wind? Well, you can make one of your own! This is a fun project that you can do with things you may have. You just need to follow a few easy steps.
       

092802_5bf6062286ed013.png

092802_5bf6062286ed013.png

       
          You will need:
       
          ● one piece of heavy colored paper
       
          ● five ribbons
       
          ● strong tape
       
          ● a string
       
          ● a pencil
       
          What to do:
       
          Step 1: Draw pictures on the paper. You can write your name on it. Do anything that will make it special to you.
       
          Step 2: Make the paper into the shape of a tube. Hold one of the shorter edges(边缘) over the other. Then make them together with the tape at each end and in the middle.
       
          Step 3: Use a pencil to make a hole into both sides of the tube. The holes should be only on one end of the tube. Pull the string through both holes. Then tie the ends of the string together.
       
          Step 4: Now make five holes around the top of the other end of the tube. Put a ribbon through each of the holes. Tie a knot in the ends. Make sure the knots are bigger than the holes.
       
          Now your windsock is ready to use, but how does it work? The shape of the tube plays an important part. Wind blows through the tube and makes it fly and dance around. Hold the windsock up in the air by its string and run around. It will fly behind you. You can also hang it outside and watch it dance around on its own!
       
          51. You draw pictures on the paper to make the windsock ________.
       
          A. fun
       
          B. heavy
       
          C. strong
       
          D. special
       
          52. Which of these things do you need for Step 2?
       
          A. Tape.
       
          B. Ribbons.
       
          C. A pencil.
       
          D. A string.
       
          53. What do you do after you put ribbons through the holes in the tube?
       
          A. Make holes in the tube.
       
          B. Tape the tube together.
       
          C. Tie knots in the ribbons.
       
          D. Put a string through the hole.
       
          54. What is probably the most important to make a windsock work?
       
          A. Its shape.
       
          B. Its size.
       
          C. The color of the paper.
       
          D. The number of the holes.
       
          55. What is the main purpose of this article?
       
          A. To tell an interesting story.
       
          B. To explain how to do something.
       
          C. To teach an important lesson.
       
          D. To show what a windsock is like.
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发表于 2018-11-24 10:19:44 | 显示全部楼层

                 
       
          【答案】51---55:D A C A B;
       
          【解析】本文通过文字与图表的结合,向我们介绍了风筒的制作。
       
          51. D,细节判断题。
       
          问题:你在纸上画图是为了使风筒_____. 根据问题主干“You draw pictures on the paper”可定位其目的在step 1中,根据文中“Do anything that will make it special to you.”(做这些事是为了使它对你有特殊意义)可知,正确答案为D。
       
          52. A,细节判断题。
       
          问题:在第二步中下面哪个东西是需要的?A. Tape.出现在Step 2;B. Ribbons. 出现在Step 4;C. A pencil. 出现在Step 3;D. A string. 出现在Step 3;另根据“Then make them together with the tape at each end and in the middle.”(用胶带在中间和两头把他们粘在一起)可知,正确答案为A。
       
          53. C,细节判断题。
       
          问题:在你把丝带穿过纸筒上的洞后你要做什么?根据问题主句“put ribbons through the holes in the tube”将答案定位在Step 4,根据“Put a ribbon through each of the holes. Tie a knot in the ends.”可知,正确答案为C。
       
          54. A,细节判断题。
       
          问题:使风筒飞行最重要的可能是什么?根据问题内容及本文结构,我们将答案定位在最后一段,根据文中“Now your windsock is ready to use, but how does it work? The shape of the tube plays an important part.”(你的风筒准备使用,但怎样工作,纸筒的外形很重要)可知,正确答案为A。
       
          55. B,主旨理解题。
       
          问题:这篇文章的主要目的是什么?主旨题要与中心句相关,本文的中心句“Well, you can make one of your own!”(你可以做一个自己的风筒)A. To tell an interesting story.讲一个重要的故事;B. To explain how to do something.解释如何做东西;C. To teach an important lesson.讲一个重要的课;D. To show what a windsock is like.展示风筒像什么;
       
          根据文章主题句以及文章结构,可知选项A,C和D与文章不一致,故正确答案为B。
       
          【考点】图表说明文类阅读理解
       
          【点拨】文章的结构在阅读理解中关系重大,本文一个总题目You Can Make a Windsock(风筒);两个二级题目:You will need:(需要什么)和What to do(做什么)接下来是需要的东西(5个)和怎样做(四步),通过对结构的观察可知文章的中心在第一段,整篇文章总—分—总结构。这样对文章的理解更进一步,问题的解决更简单一些。
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