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中考英语常见句型(三)

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发表于 2016-6-28 22:11:47 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  41."两者都...."句型     both……and……
          Both mother and father are teachers . = Both of them are teachers . 爸,妈都是老师.
          42."两者都不...."的句型
          neither….nor…..(具有就近原则)....既不,....也不
          Neither I nor my father likes football .= Neither my father nor I like football .
          = Neither of us like football .(全否)我和爸爸都不喜欢足球.
          43."....或者....."句型
          either….or….    ....或者,...或者(两者之一)(具有就近原则)
          Either she or Lily is a doctor .或者她,或者丽丽是医生.
          = Either of them is a doctor .
          = Both of them are not doctors . 他们两个不都是医生.(部分否定)
          44. “none of …..与all of….”句型
          All of the students/ All the students are League members .所有的学生都是团员.
          All of the students / All the students are not League members .
          不是所有的学生都是团员.(部分否定)
          None of the students is a League member . 没有一个学生是团员.(全否)
          (注:但既指人又指物;而只指人)
          45.as + adj/adv + as possible 尽可能....地.....
          Please come to school as early as possible . 请尽可能早地到校.
          46. “It’s + adj for sb to do sth 与It’s + adj of sb to do sth.”的句型
          ①It’s + adj for sb to do sth做某事对某人来说的难易程度
          It’s difficult for him to learn it . 对他来说要学会它很难.
          ②It’s + adj of sb to do sth . 做某事说明某人的品质,性情如何
          It’s very nice / kind of you to help me . 帮助我,你太好了.
          47. “find / think + it + adj for sb to do sth.”句型
          I find it difficult for me to learn English well .我发现要学好英语对我来说太难了.
          (it为形式宾语,真正的宾语是不定式to learn English well , difficult是形容词作宾补)= I find it is difficult for me to learn English well .(宾语从句形式)
          48."主语+be+表示情绪的形容词+to do"句型
          I am glad to see you .我很高兴见到你.
          49. “sorry抱歉”句型
          ①I’m sorry for that .我为那件事感到抱歉.(for + 代词)
          ②I’m sorry to hear that .听到那件事很难过.(加不定式)
          ③I’m sorry that I’m late again . 很抱歉我又迟到了.(加从句)
          50.“afraid害怕”句型
          ① I’m afraid to do sth     害怕做、、、、(加不定式)
          ②I’m afraid of doing sth .  担心、、、、的后果(加动名词)
          ③I’m afraid that +从句     ④I’m afraid of +动名词
          51.“get ready 与 be ready” 句型
          ①be (get) ready for + 名词“为某事做准备”
          ②be (get) ready to + 动词原形  “准备做某事”
          52. “by oneself” 句型
          ①leave sb by oneself . = leave sb alone . 把某人单独留下
          ②learn sth all by oneself . = teach oneself . 自学
          I learned English all by myself . = I taught myself English .
          ③oneself 与by oneself
          oneself表示“我自已,我本身,我亲自”   by oneself 独自地
          53.“Help yourself to …….”
          Help yourself/ yourselves to +食物     随便吃些、、、、、、
          54. “So it is 与So it is” 句型
          ①So + 主语+助动词/系动词/情态动词    表示对前面提到的事物的认可
          ------Liu Ying is a good girl .  -----So she is .  刘英是个好女孩。确实如此。
          ------Weiwei often helps others . -----So she does . 微微常帮助别人。的确如此。
          ②So +助动词/系动词/情态动词       表示前面提到过的情况也适用于别的人
          He is tall , so is his brother . 他个子高,他弟弟个也高。
          Mother can swim , so can I .  妈妈会游泳,我也会。
          They will go for a picnic , so will you .   他们要去野餐,你也去。
          55.“Do+动词原形”表示强调
          I do think so . 我的确是这样想的。 He did come . 他的确来过了。
          56. “not …..until”直到、、、、才、、、、、
          I didn’t go to bed until mother came back home .
          57. “have been to 与have gone to”句型
          have been to、、、、、曾经去过、、、、   (去了又回来了)
          have gone to 、、、、、去、、、、、(在途中还没回来)
          ------ Where has he gone ?  -----He has gone to the library .
          58. “be strict with ……, be strict in …..” 句型
          ①be strict with +sb   对某人要求严格。
          Miss Tang is strict with her students . 唐老师对她的学生要求严格。
          ②be strict in +sth . 对事情、工作要求严格
          Everyone must be strict in his work . 每个人都必须对工作严格要求。
          59.  “get on / along …..with”
          How are you getting on/along with your new classmates ?
          60.It is said + 从句“据说、、、、、”
          It is said that the book was published . 据说那本书出版了。
          61.①used to do sth . 过去总做某事(现在不做了)
          He used to get up early .  过去他总早起
          ②be / get / became used to doing sth . 习惯于做某事
          He has been used to getting up early . 他已习惯于早起。
          ③be used to do sth = be used for doing sth  “被用来做、、、、”
          Wood is used to make paper . 木材被用来造纸= Wood is used for making paper.
          ④use (sth) to do sth . 用、、、做、、、
          ⑤be used as ….“被当作、、、用” The box can be used as a table .
          ⑥be used by …… “被(某人)使用”
          The recorder is used in class by teachers . 录音机被老师上课使用
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