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2019年中考英语阅读理解及答案解析之文化教育

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发表于 2018-11-24 09:13:52 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  新一轮中考复习备考周期正式开始,中考网为各位初三考生整理了中考五大必考学科的知识点,主要是对初中三年各学科知识点的梳理和细化,帮助各位考生理清知识脉络,熟悉答题思路,希望各位考生可以在考试中取得优异成绩!下面是《2019年中考英语阅读理解及答案解析之文化教育》,仅供参考!
       
          Here is a story: A man sees a butterfly(蝴蝶). The butterfly tries to get out of its chrysalis(蛹). Feeling sorry for it, the man decides to help. He cuts the chrysalis and the butterfly comes out easily. Surprisingly enough, the butterfly is unable to fly. If the butterfly doesn’t struggle(挣扎;奋斗) to leave the chrysalis, it can’t fly! The struggle develops the energy in the butterfly which makes it fly. Similarly, the challenges of life bring out the best in young people and make the fly.
       
          When people are young, meeting and overcoming challenges will make them strong and ready to face life. When we look at successful people, we see that the most successful of them are people who have had to struggle. One famous businessman, who now owns many big supermarkets, used to carry clothes on his back and sell them from door to door when he was young. Another successful man is Dennis. His father died when he was only twenty. His father’s death forced him to mature fast. He had to bring up a family of nine people. He took up the challenges and overcame them. Today his brothers and sisters are leading successful lives.
       
          Sometimes challenges do not appear to us because we keep away from them. So some parents and teachers actively encourage young people to face challenges. They might organize some activities for young people which provide them with challenges, like rock-climbing, camping, volunteer work and so on. However, just passing exams will not prepare a person for life. We must meet and overcome challenges. The young people of today will become the leaders of tomorrow. For countries to continue to become successful, it is important that the young people learn to meet challenges and overcome them.
       
          56. From the story we know that the butterfly can’t fly because ________.
       
          A. it gets out by itself
       
          B. the man feels sorry for it
       
          C. it tries to challenge itself
       
          D. the man helps it come out
       
          57. Dennis’s example shows that successful people should ________.
       
          A. overcome the difficulties
       
          B. take up business early
       
          C. become the leaders of tomorrow
       
          D. sell clothes from door to door
       
          58. The meaning of the underlined word “mature” in the passage is “________”.
       
          A. wake up
       
          B. give up
       
          C. grow up
       
          D. bring up
       
          59. What is the writer trying to do in this passage?
       
          A. Describe where a butterfly comes from.
       
          B. Encourage young people to face challenges.
       
          C. Suggest how to become a successful businessman.
       
          D. Explain what will happen if a person fails the exam.
       
          60. What is the best title for this passage?
       
          A. Successful People Have a Sense of Achievement
       
          B. Young People Must Develop Their Energy Actively
       
          C. Countries Should Continue to Become Successful
       
          D. Challenges of Life Bring Out the Best in Young People
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发表于 2018-11-24 09:22:06 | 显示全部楼层

                 
       
          【答案】56---60:D A C B D;
       
          【解析】本文论述了挑战在人生经历中的重要性,最终告诉人们:年轻人学会面对挑战并战胜挑战非常重要。
       
          56. D,细节判断题。
       
          问题:从文章中我们知道,蝴蝶不能飞是因为_____。根据问题主句“the butterfly can’t fly”定位答案在第一段。根据文章叙述“Feeling sorry for it, the man decides to help. He cuts the chrysalis and the butterfly comes out easily. Surprisingly enough, the butterfly is unable to fly.”(人因为蝴蝶痛苦而感到遗憾,决定帮助它,人切断茧,蝴蝶很容易的出来,但吃惊的是不能飞);选项A. it gets out by itself它自己出来;B. the man feels sorry for it人因此感到遗憾;C. it tries to challenge itself它试图挑战自己;D. the man helps it come out人帮助它出来;结合文章语境及选项内容可知,正确答案是D。
       
          57. A,综合判断题。
       
          问题:Dennis的例子说明成功的人应该_____。根据Dennis的例子,定位答案在第二段。根据第二段结构,举例是为了说明本段第一句的主题句,即“When people are young, meeting and overcoming challenges will make them strong and ready to face life. When we look at successful people, we see that the most successful of them are people who have had to struggle.”(人们年轻时遇到并战胜挑战使他们强壮并准备面向生活,成功的人最成功之处是他们不得不挣扎);选项A. overcome the difficulties战胜困难;B. take up business early早早地开始生意;C. become the leaders of tomorrow成为明天的主人;D. sell clothes from door to door挨家挨户的卖衣服;根据语境及选项判断可知,选项B,C和D与文章论述不符,故正确答案是A。
       
          58. C,语义推理题。
       
          问题:文章中划线单词“mature”的意思是_____。根据黑体位置定位答案需重点理解第二段,根据文章对Dennis 的叙述,上文“父亲在他20岁时去世,父亲的去世迫使他_____迅速。”联系上下文及选项A. wake up起床;B. give up放弃;C. grow up成长;D. bring up提出;养育;可知,正确答案是C。
       
          59. B,主旨理解题。
       
          问题:文章中作者试图做什么?首先分析选项:A. Describe where a butterfly comes from.描述蝴蝶来自哪;B. Encourage young people to face challenges.鼓励年轻人面对挑战;C. Suggest how to become a successful businessman.建议如何成为成功的商人;D. Explain what will happen if a person fails the exam.解释如果一个人考试失败将会发生什么。文章的主旨英语主旨句密切相关,分析文章结构可知,文章的中心句在最后一句“it is important that the young people learn to meet challenges and overcome them.”可知,中心句与选项B相一致,故正确答案是B
       
          60. D,主旨理解题。
       
          问题:文章最好的题目是什么?选项分析:A. Successful People Have a Sense of Achievement    成功的人有成就感;B. Young People Must Develop Their Energy Actively年轻人必须积极开发他们的能量;C. Countries Should Continue to Become Successful国家应该继续变得成功;D. Challenges of Life Bring Out the Best in Young People年轻人人生中的挑战成就最美人生;根据文章结构及中心理解,结合选项对比可知,正确答案为D。
       
          【考点】文化教育类小品文;议论文阅读理解;
       
          【点拨】文化教育类阅读理解要求学生能够准确把握文章论述的观点,作者的态度,作者通过哪些方式或手段对观点进行了论述。这是此类文章解题的重要思路。
       
          文章的主题句通常在文章的开头或结尾,有时也会根据文章结构的需要做适当的调整。阅读理解时,首先应主动去发现文章的主题句,这对理解文章至关重要。
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