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初中英语知识点大全之since和for的语法比较

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发表于 2016-6-28 22:14:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
初中英语知识点大全之since和for的语法比较
        比较since和for
        Since 用来说明动作起始时间,for用来说明动作延续时间长度。例如:
        I have lived here for more than twenty years.我住在这儿二十多年了。
        I have lived here since I was born. 我从出生起就住在这儿了。
        注意:并非有for 作为时间状语的句子都用现在完成时。
        I worked here for more than twenty years. (我现在已不在这里工作。)
        I have worked here for many years.(现在我仍在这里工作。)
        注意:用句型转换的方法,很容易排除非延续动词在有for/since结构的完成时中的误用。
        1)(对) Tom has studied Russian for three years. = Tom began to study Russian three years ago, and is still studying it now.
        2)(错) Harry has got married for six years. = Harry began to get married six years ago, and is still getting married now.
        显然,第二句不对,它应改为 Harry got married six years ago. 或 Harry has been married for six years.
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