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最新英语知识点主谓语法一致的原则

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发表于 2016-6-28 22:14:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  聪明出于勤奋,天才在于积累。我们要振作精神,下苦功学习。小编准备了最新英语知识点主谓语法一致的原则,希望能帮助到大家。
          谓语受主语支配,须和主语在人称和数上保持一致,这叫做主谓一致。主谓一致一般遵循三条原则:语法一致原则,意义一致原则和就近一致原则。
          1. 语法一致的原则
          (1)以单数名词或代词,动词不定式短语作主语时,谓语动词要用单数;主语为复数时,谓语用复数,例如:
          He goes to school early every morning.
          The children are playing outside.
          To work hard is necessary for a student.
          (2)由and或both……and连接的并列成分作主语时,谓语动词用复数。例如:
          Both he and I are right.
          Mr Black and Mrs Black have a son called Tom.
          但并列主语如果指的是同一人,同一事物或同一概念,谓语动词用单数。例如:
          His teacher and friend is a beautiful girl.
          The poet and writer has come.
          (3)由and连接的并列单数主语之前如果分别由each, every修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。例如:
          In our country every boy and every girl has the right to receive education.
          Each man and each woman is asked to help.
          (4)主语是单数时,尽管后面跟有 but ,except, besides, with 等介词短语,谓语动词仍用单数。例如:
          The teacher with his students is going to visit the museum.
          Nobody but two boys was late for class.
          Bread and butter is a daily food in the west.
          (5) 一些只有复数形式的名词,如people, police, cattle, clothes等作主语时,谓语动词要用复数。例如:
          A lot of people are dancing outside.
          The police are looking for lost boy.
          (6)由each, some, any, no, every 构成的复合代词作主语时,谓语动词都用单数。例如:
          Is everybody ready?
          Somebody is using the phone.
          (7)有两部分构成的物体的名词,如glasses, shoes, trousers, chopsticks, scissors 等作主语时,谓语动词用复数。例如:
          Where are my shoes? I can’t find them.
          Your trousers are dirty. You’d better change them.
          如果这类名词前用了a pair of等,则往往用作单数,谓语动词的单复数形式往往取决于pair的单复数形式。例如:
          Here are some new pairs of shoes.
          My new pair of socks is on the bed.
          小编为大家整理的最新英语知识点主谓语法一致的原则就先到这里,希望大家学习的时候每天都有进步。
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