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初中英语常用动词习惯用法

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发表于 2016-6-28 22:16:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  1. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人去做某事(后接动词不定式) My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my homework.
          2. asked sb. (not) to do sth. 叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事) My father asked me to study hard. He asked me not to swim alone. be asked to do sth. 被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事 I was asked to have a dinner with them yesterday.
          3. be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事 She is afraid to ask me questions.
          4. be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事 I am afraid of going out at night.
          5. be afraid of sth. 害怕某物 He is afraid of snakes.
          6. be amazed to do sth. 对做某事感到惊讶 He was amazed to meet the girl there. be amazed at sth. 对某事感到惊讶 they were amazed at the news
          7. be busy doing/with sth. 忙于做某事 (常考) e.g: I was busy washing my car at that time. 那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。 I am busy with my work.
          8. be coming/going/leaving/fiying/moving/dying(某些位移动词用进行时态时表将来) the bus is coming/the dog is dying.
          9. be excited to do sth. 对做……感到兴奋 Jacky was excited to travel there by plane. be excited at sth. Lily was excited at his words. be excited about doing sth. he was excited about passing the exam without going overing books.
          10. be frightened to do sth. 害怕去做某事 Sam is frightened to ride a horse.
          11. be glad/happy to do sth. 高兴去做某事 she is happy to clean the blackboard with me. be pleased to do sth. 高兴做某事
          she was pleased to help the old man yesterday. be pleased with sth. 对某事感到高兴/满意 the teacher was pleased with my answer.
          12. be interested in sth./doing sth. 对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣 she is interested in swimming in the river. My brother is interested in Chinese.
          13. be/get ready for/to do sth. Be ready for sth. 为某事做好了准备 We are ready for the exam. Be ready to do sth. 为做某事做好了准备 We are ready to have a birthday party for her. get ready for sth.为某事在做准备 We are getting ready for the exam. get ready for sth. 为做某事而做准备
          14. be surprised to do sth. 对做某事感到惊奇 be surprised at sth. 对某事感到惊奇 be sorry to do sth. 对做某事感到抱歉
          15. be worth doing sth. 值得做某事 (worth 后接动词-ing形式,常考)
          16. begin to do sth. begin/start to do/doing sth.
          17. can/be able to afford (to buy) sth. 有能力购买(供)……
          18. can/may/must do sth. could/would/should/might do sth.
          19. can’t wait to do sth. 迫不急待地去做某事
          20. decide to do sth. 决定去做某事 make up one’s mind to do sth. 下决心去做某事 (常考) make a decision to do sth. 对做某事作出决定
          21. deserve to do sth. 值得/应该做……
          22. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人去做某事
          23. enjoy doing sth. 乐意去做某事
          24. expect (sb.) to do sth. 期望去做某事
          25. fail to do sth. 做某事失败 succeed doing sth. 成功做了某事
          26. finish doing sth. 做完某事(后接动词-ing形式) (常考)
          27. follow sb to do sth. 跟随某人去做某事
          28. get sb. to do sth. make sb. do sth. let sb. do sth.
          29. get/have a chance to do sth. 得到一个做某事的机会
          30. give/pass/show/lend/sell sb. sth./ sth. to sb. buy/get/bring sb. sth. / sth. for sb.
          31. go on to do sth. 继续做事(常考) go on doing sth. 继续做事(常考)
          32. hate to do/doing sth. 讨厌/不喜欢做某事
          33. have fun doing sth.
          34. have problems doing sth. 做某事遇到困难
          35. have sb. do sth. have sth. done have sth. to do 有事要做
          36. hear sb. do sth. 听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考) hear sb. doing sth. 听到某人正在做某事(常见)
          37. help to do sth. 帮忙做某事 help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事
          38. hope/wish to do sth. 希望做某事 wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事
          39. I t seems that 这像是……(后接从句)
          seem to do sth.
          seem +adj.
          40. It’s + adj.+(for sb.) to do sth.
          It’s + adj. +(of sb.) to do sth.
          e.g: It’s glad for him to hear the news.
          41. It takes sb. some time/money to do sth. 花费某人多长时间做某事(常考)
          42. pay …for… cost spend…on….. it take …to do sth.
          43. It’s best for sb to do sth.. 对某人来说做某事是最好的
          had better do sth. 最好做某事 (注意had没有时态和人称的变化,better后接动词原形)
          44. It’s time for sb. to do sth. 是某人做某事的时候了
          45. keep (on)doing sth. 坚持做某事(常考)
          keep sb. doing sth. 让某人做某事(常考)
          keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事(常考)
          keep sb./ sth. +adj.
          keep the book for 2 days 借这本书两天(不要用borrow或lend)
          46. learn to do sth. 学做某事
          learn sth. from sb. 向某人学习
          47. like to do/doing sth. 喜欢做某事
          like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事
          48. need to do sth.
          need doing sth./to be done
          need sth .
          needn’t do sth.
          49. prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 宁愿……而不愿……(常考)
          prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 喜欢做……胜过做……
          e.g: I prefer reading books to going shopping. 比起购物来,我更爱读书。
          prefer to do sth. 喜欢(爱)做某事
          50. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做……
          51. remember/forget to do sth. 记得/忘记做某事
          remember/forget doing sth. 记得/忘记做过某事
          52. see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事 (结果)
          see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事(正在进行中)
          be seen to do sth. 做某事被看见
          53. something to eat/drink 一些吃/喝的东西 (词不定式放在something等后修饰这些词)
          e.g: I need something to eat. 我要一些吃的东西。
          54. spend some time (in)doing sth. /on sth. 花费时间做某事(注意动词要用ing形式)(常考)
          spend some money on sth./ doing sth. 买……花了多少钱
          55. Sth. is hard/difficult/easy to do. 做好某事很难/容易
          56. stop to do sth. 停下来去某事(两件事) (常考)
          stop doing sth. 停止做某事(一件事) (常考)
          stop sb. (from) doing sth. 阻止某人做某事(常考)
          57. take turns to do sth. 轮流做……
          58. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 叫某人去(不要)做某事
          be told to do sth. 被告知不要做某事
          59. There is no need (for sb.) to do sth. 对某人来说没必要做某事
          60. There is no time (for sb.) to do sth.
          have no time to do sth. 没时间做某事
          61. too…(for sb.) to …太……以致不能……
          so… that… not… enough to do
          e.g: The boy is too young to go to school. 那男孩太小了以致不能上学。
          62. try/do one’s best to do sth. 尽力去做某事
          try to do sth. 试着(图)做某事
          63. used to do sth. 过去常做某事( used to be + adj./ a +n)
          e.g: Mr. wang used to be a teacher worker. 王先生过去是一位工人。
          I used to live in the country. 过去我住在农村。
          64. want/would like to do sth. 想做……
          want/would like sb. to do sth. 想某人做……
          feel like doing sth. 喜爱做某事(注意like后接动词ing形式
          65. warn sb. (not) to do sth. 警告某人做某事(或不要做某事
          66. Why don’t you do sth.?
          Why not do sth ?
          表示建议的句型还有:What How about……? (如果是动词,要用ing形式)
          Shall we……?
          67. Would you like (sb.) to do sth.? Yes, I’d love to.
          68. Would you mind doing sth.? 你介意做某事吗?
          Never mind/Not at all/of course not/certainly not. (从不介意/一点也不介意/当然不会了)
          69. Would you please (not) do sth. 你可不可以不做……?
          70. finish doing sth. enjoy doing sth. practise doing sth. be good at doing sth. be good at doing sth. thank you f
          or doing sth. stop doing sth. be good at doing sth. give up doing sth mind doing sth stop sb from doing sth go on doing sth be busy doing sth see/hear/watch sb doing sth feel like doing sth hate doing sth like doing sth do well in doing sth be afraid of doing sth be interested in doing sth make a contribution to sth/doing sth
          71. 非延续性动词(终止性动词)
          1) buy---have(has)had 2) borrow---have(has)kept 3) leave---have(has)been away
          4) go ---have(has)been away/in… 5) come ---have(has)here/in…
          6) die ---have(has)been dead 7) join---have(has)been a member of/in…
          8) begin---have(has)on 9) stop---have(has)been over
          例如: 他的狗死了3天了.: His dog has been dead for three days. It is three days since his dog died. His dog died three days ago.
          72. 感官动词:(主动语态不带to)1.hear/see/watch sb do sth 或 2. hear/see/watch sb doing sth
          1)We often hear him sing the song.
          2)I saw him swimming in the river just now.
          被动语态带to:
          He is often heard to sing the song.
          役使动词: (主动语态不带to) make/let sb do sth.
          His father often makes him do this and that.
          被动语态带to:
          He is often made to do this and that by his father.
          PS:个人认为这对英语会有帮助,最好背下来!
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