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2016中考动词语态讲与练

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发表于 2016-6-28 22:17:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  动词的被动语态
       
          一、什么是被动语态?
       
          英语中时态很多,但语态不多,只有两种,即:主动语态和被动语态。
       
          如果主语是动作的执行者,使用主动语态;如果主语是动作的承受者,则使用被动语态。
       
          1. 定义:被动语态,即不知道动作执行者或强调动作承受者的一种语态。
       
          2. 被动语态的构成:
       
          被字句:主语+ be +动词过去分词(v-ed) +by sb.
       
          我打他  I beat him. (打过了)
       
          他被我打=他打被我 He was beaten by me.
       
          他喜欢她 He likes her.
       
          她喜欢被他 She is liked by him. (am/ is / are).
       
          被动语态的时态是由be动词的时态决定的,be动词是什么时态,全句就是什么时态,be动词后面的过去分词不变。
       
          
       
          1. He eats the apple.
       
          2. He ate the apple.
       
          3. He is eating the apple.
       
          4. He was eating the apple.
       
          5. He will eat the apple.
       
          6. He would eat the apple.
       
          7. He has eaten the apple.
       
          8. He had eaten the apple.
       
          1. The apple is eaten by him.
       
          2. The apple was eaten by him.
       
          3. The apple is being eaten by him.
       
          4. The apple was being eaten by him.
       
          5. The apple will be eaten by him.
       
          6. The apple would be eaten by him.
       
          7. The apple has been eaten by him.
       
          8. The apple had been eaten by him.
       
          
       
          被动语态烟台中考真题专练
       
          【2007 山东烟台】37.---Will you come to join us this Sunday?
       
                              ---I won't come unless Bob _______.
       
          A.is invited             B.will be invited     C. can invite         D. invites
       
          【2008 山东烟台】30.Old people must ________ .
       
          A.be spoken to politely    B.speak to polite    C.be spoken politely   D.speak polite
       
          【2008 山东烟台】38.---What's wrong with your uncle ,Jack ?
       
                              ---He is ill . A doctor  ______.
       
          A. has to look for  B.is being operated on   C.must ask for   D.has been sent for
       
          【2011 山东烟台】27. It is true that knowledge_____ rather than being taught.
       
          A. learns        B. learned       C. is learned      D. was learned
       
          【2014 山东烟台】23. - How long may I            your dictionary?
       
                 - For one week. But it mustn't           to others.
       
           A.keep, be lent         B. borrow, lend    C. lend, be borrowed       D. have, borrow
       
          【2015山东烟台】30. Everyone in our class ___________ to take part in the English Speech Contest.
       
          A. is encouraged         B. encourages               C. are encouraging     D. are encouraged
       
          答案:AADCAA
       
          初中英语被动语态专项练习
       
          (     ) 1. The People's Republic of China ___ on October 1, 1949.
       
          A. found        B. was founded    C. is founded      D. was found
       
          (     )  2. English ____ in Canada.
       
          A. speaks        B. are spoken     C. is speaking      D. is spoken
       
          (     )3. This English song___ by the girls after class.
       
          A. often sings    B. often sang      C. is often sang     D. is often sung
       
          (     ) 4. This kind of car ___ in Japan.
       
          A, makes        B. made         C. is making        D. is made
       
          (     ) 5. New computers ___ all over the world.
       
          A. is used       B. are using       C. are used         D. have used
       
          (     ) 6. Our room must ___ clean.
       
          A. keep         B. be kept        C. to be kept        D. to keep
       
          (     ) 7 .-I'd like to buy that coat.
       
          -I'm sorry. ___.  
       
          A. it sold        B. it's selling      C. It's been sold      D. it had been sold
       
          (    )8.A new house ______ at the corner of the road.
       
          A. is building      B. is being built          C. been built     D. be building
       
          (     ) 9. The key _____ on the table when I leave.
       
          A. was left        B. will be left           C. is left          D. has been left
       
          (     ) 10. Doctors _______ in every part of the world.
       
          A. need           B. are needing          C. are needed    D. will need
       
          (     )11.  His new book______ next month.
       
          A. will be published    B. is publishing    C. is being published    D. has been published
       
          (     ) 12. Japanese ______ in every country.
       
          A. is not spoken         B. are spoken      C. is speaking           D. is not speaking
       
          (   ) 13. These papers______yet.
       
          A. have not written     B. have not been written
       
          C. has not written     D. has not been written
       
          (    ) 14. The sports meet ______ be held until next week.
       
          A. didn't       B. won't         C. isn't     D. doesn't
       
          (    ) 15.---My shoes are worn out.
       
          -___________
       
          A. Can't they be mended?           B. Let me have a look at it.
       
          C. How much do they cost?          D. Can't they mended?
       
          Keys:
       
          1---5 BDDDC  6-10 BCBBC   11---15AABBA 
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